The sociological definition of the "Black Belt," as related to the history of this cotton-dependent region, refers to a much larger region of the Southern United States , stretching from Delaware to Texas but centered on the Black Belt of uplands areas of Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana. In the antebellum and Jim Crow eras, the white elite of the Black Belt dominated Alabama state politics well into the s. As in other southern states, the white-dominated state legislature of Alabama passed laws and a constitution that created barriers to voter registration, essentially disfranchising most blacks and many poor whites.
In addition, the state legislature did not redistrict congressional or state legislative districts after until it did so in the s under US Supreme Court order. The white rural elite continued to dominate the state despite the rise of urbanized, industrial cities such as Birmingham, Alabama. Montgomery , the Black Belt's largest city, has been the capital of Alabama since Montgomery and Selma and other parts of the Black Belt were important centers of African-American public activism during the Civil Rights Movement from the s to Since the black population gained the renewed ability to exercise their franchise after under the Voting Rights Act , they have largely supported Democratic Party candidates.
This is in contrast to the majority-white areas of the state, where since the late 20th century, conservatives have largely shifted from the Democratic to the Republican Party.tiocrocimec.ga
Black Belt (region of Alabama)
The region is underlain by a thin layer of rich, black topsoil developed atop the chalk of the Selma Group , a geologic unit dating to the Cretaceous. The soils have developed continuously at least since the Pliocene Epoch. Because the underlying chalk is nearly impermeable to groundwater , the black soils tend to dry out during the summer. The natural vegetation of the chalk belt consisted mainly of oak-hickory forest interspersed with shortgrass prairie, while the sandy ridges flanking the chalk belt supported pine forest. Lacking a reliable source of water, the earliest settlers avoided farming the black soil in the belt until the discovery that deep artesian wells could be drilled to supply water for people, livestock, and crops.
Beginning in the s after Indian Removal , cotton plantations were developed that produced the commodity crop that became Alabama's greatest source of wealth. Before the American Civil War , these plantations were worked by thousands of African American slaves. The Black Belt region had the highest density of population in the state and was majority-black.
The white planters and their elected representatives of the Black Belt established political power in the state legislature in the cotton era; the white rural elite retained their dominance long after the state began to develop more urbanized areas and an industrial economy. The state legislature did not redistrict to reflect population changes and the rise of urban areas from to , when it was ordered by a federal court, following important apportionment cases such as Baker v. Birmingham, the largest and most industrialized city in the state, was among those whose residents, both black and white, had been underrepresented for decades in the state legislature.
The Black Belt's largest city, Montgomery , was designated as the capital of Alabama in Because Alabama was geographically central to the slave states, Montgomery was also designated as the original capital of the Confederate States of America. The region's distance from the front lines during the American Civil War saved it from much of the ravages of war. Many of the Greek Revival mansions of the 19th-century planters have survived, as have some of the plantations' slave quarters. Gaineswood in Demopolis and Magnolia Grove in Greensboro, Alabama are among those that can be visited by tourists today.
Many descendants of freed slaves continued to work as sharecroppers and laborers after emancipation, but many migrated among the counties, moved to cities, or left the state for other opportunities. Around —20, the infestation of the cotton crop by the boll weevil destroyed much of the crops and plantation system, but the lingering effects of a cotton economy remain evident. To escape lynchings and social oppression, and after the boll weevil and increased mechanization of agriculture, thousands of African Americans left Alabama to go to industrial cities of the North and Midwest in the Great Migration of the first half of the 20th century.
But, African Americans continue to make up the majority proportion of the population in most rural Black Belt counties. Today the term "Black Belt" is commonly used by scholars and the media as a demographic characterization, as well as a geologic one. These included Rosa Parks ' refusal to give up her bus seat, which led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott ; the Selma to Montgomery marches of and voter registration reform drives, focusing in Selma, to enable African Americans to vote see Voting Rights Act.
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I just got lucky. Grow a thick skin brotha I only date white men and when we are out we get the stares of confusion. When dinning the server assumes that we are coworkers and always bring 2 tickets. And when chilling in an upscale lounge people assume me to be a prostitue, lol. Before I moved I lived in a pretty rough area Norwood, lol and if he picked me up from my apartment the cops always find a reason to stop the car.
Alabama State Athletics - Black and Gold Game date and surrounding activities announced
I guess the only reason a fine young black woman would be in a white man's car in the middle of the hood would be to sell him some drugs or sex. Basically creating a hostile work environment so she would quit or write her up for every little thing just to fire her. I worked with a white girl for an entire year. Didn't learn anything about her until she hung up a picture of her black kids at her workstation.
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After that she was moved to another clinic where only black people worked and she started eating her lunch with us because the white ladies shunned her. When I lived in the dorm at UAB a young white girl got engaged to a very respectable black guy. He was finishing his master's in nursing.
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Nobody cared about his achievments. Her soritity sisters and professors stopped speaking to her. She was VERY hurt and angered about how people was treating her. Black women and white men are going to give y'all hell. Things evolve and change and at the end of the day bigots will be bigots. I live in an all white neighborhood like there's 7 black folks out of 22, and 5 of em live in my house 6 if you count the dog! I doubt as an interracial couple it would be much more difficult.
I'm in a interracial couple with an interracial child and have had no problem. However, neither of us is black, so I can't speak on that part.
Alabama has one of nation's highest rates for black-white marriages, study shows
I have family that are mixed couples and are in Birmingham and all are Black men with white females It depends on where you are of course. Certain areas could care less. You still must be careful though and use your head. If you are driving downtown at 2am as a black male with a white female in the car you will get pulled over!!!
If you want to date or know where to meet that's an easy one. Downtown Southside is a melting Pot where all of my family met each other oh and in Homewood Originally Posted by Tourian.